If your child has started showing interest in financial products, it’s time to have a few important conversations. Financial responsibility and healthy spending habits should be developed early on so your child can start their credit journey the right way.
To help you leave no stone unturned, this guide will outline 5 important credit card lessons for teens and young adults your child should know. You’ll learn:
- Why proactive education is crucial to your child’s long-term financial stability
- What your child should know about credit cards
- How you can support their credit profile and give them a significant head start in life
Why Proper Credit Card Education Is Important
Teens and young adults often struggle to get a credit card or other financial products because the CARD Act of 2009 made obtaining them extremely difficult. If a child is under 21, they must demonstrate an independent ability to make payments or have a cosigner over the age of 21 with sufficient income to make them.
This doesn’t mean you should wait until they meet the above conditions to teach them about credit cards. If your child takes out credit without appropriate education and discipline, they might make costly mistakes. By starting early—preferably in high school—you can prepare your teenager for their first credit card and ensure they use it sensibly.
What To Teach Teens About Credit Cards
You should cover several aspects of proper financial management to make your child a reliable borrower:
- Differences between debit and credit cards
- Credit card technicalities
- Personal information protection
- Credit scoring
Explain the Differences Between Debit and Credit Cards
Many children are introduced to the banking system through debit cards, as checking accounts are more accessible to them than credit products. If they’ve gotten accustomed to a debit card, you must make it clear that using a credit card is vastly different.
Creditors penalize certain spending behavior that doesn’t have consequences when using a debit card. For instance, your child won’t have to pay anything if they drain the checking account, but they’ll incur significant fees and interest if they max out the credit card and leave it empty.
The following table highlights the main differences between credit and debit cards that will help your child draw a clear line between the two and act accordingly:
|Card Type||Source of Funds||Fees and Interest||Impact on the Credit History|
|Debit Card||Owned funds in a checking account||Minimal to none||None|
|Credit Card||Borrowed funds in a credit account||Variable and potentially large depending on credit behavior||Significant|
When you explain the above differences to your child, they’ll understand the weight of using a credit card, which should result in more responsible use.
Teach Your Child the Nuts and Bolts of Credit Cards
The basic principle of using a credit card is easy to explain—the bank will lend them a specific amount of money they can use but need to pay back.
Easy as it may be for them to grasp this concept, the devil lies in the details. You should teach your child the key terms they must know to meet their obligations toward the lender:
|Annual Percentage Rate (APR)||Interest on the outstanding balance at the end of each billing cycle. Billing cycles typically last a month, so the APR should be divided by 12 to get the monthly rate|
|Balance||The total amount of money owed, including accrued interest and all applicable fees|
|Cash advance||Money withdrawn from an ATM. Creditors typically impose higher interest rates on withdrawals than purchases made using the card|
|Credit report||A file aggregating the user’s credit history and determining their eligibility for future loans|
|Credit score||A three-digit number based on the information from the report that reflects the account holder’s creditworthiness|
|Utilization rate||The outstanding balance compared to the card’s credit limit|
|Grace period||The timeframe between the end of a billing cycle and the repayment due date|
If you have a credit card, you can demonstrate how these terms work in action. Show them your billing statement so they can see a breakdown of all charges and fees. Doing so will help your child understand that borrowed money comes at a cost and should be managed carefully.
Let Your Child Know Their Credit Limit Is Not Their Budget
When your child gets unrestricted access to a larger sum of money than they’re used to, it’s easy for them to get carried away. You must emphasize that the fact they can spend all that money doesn’t mean they should.
Before your child gets a credit card, set some ground rules and define acceptable purchases clearly. Discourage the use of credit cards for:
- Cash advances (particularly large ones)
- Vacations and other significant indulgences
- Luxury or big-ticket items
- Unnecessary casual spending
Credit funds should always be used as a backup or the means of buying something important you currently can’t afford from disposable income. Motivate your child to be frugal and carry healthy spending habits into adulthood.
Make Sure Your Child Keeps Their Private Information Safe
Financial fraud is on the rise—according to research by Security.org, 65% of Americans using credit cards and other financial products reported falling victim to it at least once in their life, up from 58% in 2021.
Teens and young adults are more vulnerable to such issues due to a lack of experience. You must teach them to be cautious from the get-go and avoid sharing credit card information with anyone but reputable merchants and institutions. If they use the card for online purchases, they must check the vendor’s credibility beforehand.
An even bigger concern—especially for minors—is identity fraud caused by a stolen Social Security number (SSN) and other sensitive data. Minors’ SSNs are typically unmonitored, which fraudsters exploit for synthetic identity fraud. After stealing a child’s SSN, they combine it with fake information to forge a new identity and take out credit in their name.
The following excerpt from the Federal Reserve’s whitepaper on synthetic identity fraud explains why such crime is so prevalent:
“The ease and low cost of creating synthetic identities contribute to the widespread impact of this type of fraud on the financial, insurance and healthcare industries, government agencies, and consumers. Sophisticated crime rings can leverage multiple tactics at scale to cultivate synthetic identities, including using fake addresses, creating sham businesses, and forming relationships with collusive merchants to cash in.”
Besides keeping their credit card security information safe, your child should pay special attention to their SSN and other Personally Identifiable Information (PII). This still doesn’t guarantee complete safety from fraudsters, so we’ll discuss the best way to reduce the risk of identity fraud later in this guide.
Stress the Importance of Building a Solid Credit Profile
From the moment your child gets their own credit card, they’ll start building a credit history that will be reported to the credit bureaus once they become a legal adult. Their borrowing and repayment habits will directly impact their eligibility for future credit, so make sure they understand the importance of:
- Making timely payments
- Keeping their credit utilization low
- Monitoring their credit score to stay on the right track
If your child is a minor or young adult without access to financial products, they’ll likely start their credit journey as an authorized user of your credit card. Many parents consider this a good way to give their children a head start by helping them establish a credit profile early on. If you’re considering this approach, you should beware of its significant drawbacks:
- Your child will inherit your credit score, so if you miss payments or damage your credit otherwise, all red flags will also stay on their report
- You must give your child access to your card, which may not be the best idea unless they’ve proven themselves reliable
- When you remove a child from your card, all credit history associated with it gets removed from the credit report, so they’re back to square one
The good news is that there’s a more convenient and reliable way to help your child build a credit profile—FreeKick.
FreeKick—Credit Profile Building and Monitoring for Children and Young Adults
Powered by Austin Capital Bank, FreeKick combines a Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation-insured (FDIC-insured) deposit account and additional services to:
- Help establish and build your child’s credit profile
- Lower the risk of identity fraud by monitoring their credit profile
You can support your child’s financial future in three quick steps:
- Create an Account—Go to FreeKick.bank to create your account by making a one-time FDIC-insured deposit with a 12-month commitment
- Set It and Forget It—Choose a plan, and let FreeKick build 12 months of credit history for your child
- Keep Growing—Renew the subscription for another 12 months when the cycle ends, or close the account and get 100% of your deposit back
To help you avoid yet another monthly subscription, FreeKick offers a free plan and two tiers with smaller deposits and annual fees:
- Free—one-time FDIC-insured deposit of $2,500
- $49/year—one-time FDIC-insured deposit of $1,750
- $99/year—one-time FDIC-insured deposit of $1,000
If your child is over 18 (19 in Alabama), FreeKick will immediately start reporting their credit activity to the three major consumer bureaus—Equifax, Experian, and TransUnion—to help them build a credit profile on autopilot.
Minors can also build a payment history, but note that reporting will start when they reach legal age, as credit bureaus only accept credit reporting for adults.
How FreeKick’s Credit Profile Monitoring Gives Parents Peace of Mind
Credit monitoring is an effective way to detect fraudulent activities early on, but most parents don’t have the time or tools to do it effectively. That’s why FreeKick offers credit profile monitoring services to reduce the risk of identity fraud.
To help your child enjoy the many benefits of a strong credit profile and have experts watching over their sensitive information, sign up for FreeKick.
Featured image source: Andrea Piacquadio